Herzl Institute מוסד הרצל לחקר הציונות - Herzl Institute מוסד הרצל לחקר הציונות

Clandestine Immigration from Italy 1945-1948: Immigration, Diplomacy and Human Rights

alyah

The book Clandestine Immigration from Italy 1945-1948: Immigration, Diplomacy and Human Rights focuses on the dramatic struggle of the Mossad for clandestine immigration to send ships from the Italian shores to British Mandate Palestine. It presents the diplomatic negotiations and conflicts between Britain and Italy together with the human story of the immigrants and the Mossad and Palyam emissaries. The book focuses on a central issue of foreign policy: the probability of combining strategic and political interests with human rights considerations. It examines the positions of Britain, the United States, Italy and the Zionist leaders concerning the clandestine immigration.

The book present the problem of European refugees during the 1920s and the1930s and of the Jewish refugees following the end of the Second World War. The persecution of Jews in Mussolini's Italy and the Italian efforts to save Jews during the German occupation. By the end of the war Italy's aim to restore her standing and influence in the Mediterranean was in conflict with British interests. Special relations were formed by the Italian senior government officials and the leaders of the Mossad in Italy Yehuda Arazi and Ada Sereni. The most significant event that manifested it was the well-known La Spezia affair in 1946.